Answer : Garden design originated from the need to control plants for food production. Early humans would select certain plants to cultivate and would then design their surroundings, or gardens, to best accommodate these plants.
Over time, garden design has evolved and changed to meet the needs of people in different parts of the world. For example, in drier climates like Africa and the Middle East, gardens are often designed with sand instead of soil to conserve water. And in colder climates like Scandinavia, gardens are often designed with features that can be used to protect plants from the harsh winter weather.